Rearrangement of the 1812 Rules, but few changes.
[1802 Edinburgh Burgess]
RULES OF GOLF
AS IT IS PLAYED BY
THE SOCIETY OF ST. ANDREWS GOLFERS,
I. The balls must be teed not nearer the hole than two club lengths nor further from it than four.
II. The ball farthest from the hole must be played first.
III. The ball struck from the tee must not be changed before the hole is played out; and if the parties are at a loss to know one ball from the other, neither shall be lifted till both parties agree.
IV. Stones, bones or any break-club within a club length of the ball may be removed when the ball lies on grass, but nothing can be removed if it lie on sand, or in a bunker; no other loose impediment such as turf, bent, whins, or anything whatever can be removed on the driving course, nor is any obstruction to be bent down or levelled with the club.
V. When a ball is completely covered with fog, bent, whins, &c., so much thereof shall be set aside as that the player shall have a full view of his ball before he plays; a ball which is stuck fast in the ground may be loosened.
VI. All loose impediments of whatever kind may be removed on the putting green, which is considered not to exceed 20 yards from the hole.
VII. If the ball lie in a rabbit scrape the player shall not be at liberty to take it out, but must play it as from any common hazard; if, however, it be in one of the burrows, he may lift it, drop it behind the hazard, and play with an iron without losing a stroke.
VIII. When the balls touch each other, one of them must be lifted till the other is played.
IX. When the balls lie within six inches of one another, the ball nearest the hole must be lifted till the other is played, but on the putting green it shall not be lifted although within six inches, unless it lie directly between the other and the hole; the six inches to be measured from the surface of each ball.
X. If the ball is half covered or more with water, the player may take it out, tee it, and play from behind the hazard, losing a stroke.
XI. If the ball lie in the supernumerary hole on the Hole-across green, it may be dropped behind the hazard and played with an iron without losing a stroke. The same rule applies to the short holes at the first hole.
XII. Whatever happens to a ball by accident must be reckoned a rub of the green; if, however, the player's ball strike his adversary, or his caddie, or his clubs, the adversary loses the hole; if it strike his own caddie or hits his clubs, the player loses the hole. If the player strike his adversary's ball with his club, the player loses the hole.
XIII. If a ball be lost, the stroke goes for nothing; the player returns to the spot whence the ball was struck, tees it, and loses a stroke. If the original ball is found before the party playing a new one has come to the ground where it was lost, the first continues the one to be played.
XIV. If, in striking, the club breaks, it is nevertheless accounted a stroke if the player either strike the ground or pass the ball.
XV. In holing, you are not to place any mark, nor draw any line, to direct you to the hole; you are to play your ball fairly and honestly for the hole, and not on your adversary's ball not lying in your way to the hole. Either party may smooth sand lying round the hole.
XVI. In all cases where a ball is to be dropped the party dropping shall front the hole to which he is playing, and drop the ball behind him over his head.
XVII. New holes shall always be made on the day a medal is played for, and no competitor shall play at these holes before he starts for the prize.
XVIII. Any disputes respecting the play shall be determined by the Captain or Senior member present, and if none of the members are present, by the Captain and his annual Council for the time.